Mahakavi Subramaniya Bharathi was born on 11 December 1882 in Ettiyapuram in Tamil Nadu. Bharathi died on 11 September 1921. In a relatively short life span of 39 years, Bharathi left an indelible mark as the poet of Tamil nationalism and Indian freedom.

His writings gave new life to the Tamil language, Bharathi often referred to Tamil as his 'mother' He sang to the Hindu deities, and at the same time, he wrote songs of devotion to Jesus Christ and Allah. Bharathi was a vigorous campaigner against casteism. He wrote in 'Vande Matharam' He saw a great India. He saw an India of skilled workers and an educated people. He saw an India where women would be free.